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Zolpidem tartrate - definition of zolpidem tartrate by Medical dictionary

Openmedi.orgWhat is zolpidem tartrate


11/24/2014
09:10 | Author: David Perry

What is zolpidem tartrate
Zolpidem tartrate - definition of zolpidem tartrate by Medical dictionary

Pregnancy risk category B.

⊘ Indications and dosages ➣ Insomnia.

• Hypersensitivity to drug.

Drug-behaviors. Alcohol use: increased CNS depression.

GI: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dry mouth.

Drug-drug. Antihistamines, opioid analgesics, phenothiazines, sedative-hypnotics, tricyclic antidepressants: increased CNS depression.

• Monitor for physical and psychological drug dependence. Watch for drug hoarding. • Assess for adverse reactions, including confusion, ataxia, and amnesia.

Use cautiously in: • pulmonary disease, hepatic or severe renal impairment • history of psychiatric illness, suicide attempt, or substance abuse • elderly or debilitated patients • pregnant or breastfeeding patients • children (safety not established).

• l patient to take immediay before bedtime (and not after a meal), because it works quickly. • Advise patient to take only when he's able to get a full night's sleep (7 to 8 hours) before he needs to be active again. • Stress that drug is meant only for short-term use (7 to 10 days). • l patient rebound insomnia may occur for 1 to 2 nights after he discontinues drug. • Inform patient that drug may cause amnesia, drowsiness, and a drugged feeling the next day. • Caution patient to avoid driving and other hazardous activities while under drug's influence. • As appropriate, review all other significant adverse reactions and interactions, especially those related to the drugs, herbs, and behaviors mentioned above.

Tablets: 5 mg, 6.25 mg, 10 mg, 12.5 mg.

Ambien, Ambien CR, Stilnoct (UK), Tovalt ODT Pharmacologic class: Imidazopyridine Therapeutic class: Sedative-hypnotic.

Rifampin: decreased zolpidem efficacy.

• Hepatic impairment • Elderly or debilitated patients.

EENT: diplopia, abnormal vision.

• Long-term treatment of insomnia • Insomnia related to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors • Postoperative sedation.

Other: hypersensitivity reaction, physical or psychological drug dependence, drug tolerance.

Drug-herbs. Chamomile, hops, kava, skullcap, valerian: increased CNS depression.

Controlled substance schedule IV.

Depresses CNS by binding to gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors.

• Don't give with or immediay after a meal. • Know that dosage may need to be decreased if patient's receiving other CNS depressants.

Adults: 10 mg P.O. (Ambien) or 12.5 mg P.O. (Ambien CR) immediay before bedtime.

Ketoconazole, ritonavir: increased blood level and enhanced effects of zolpidem.

CNS: amnesia, ataxia, confusion, euphoria, vertigo, daytime drowsiness, dizziness, drugged feeling.


What is zolpidem tartrate